The Truth About Crawl Space Encapsulation – What Your Building Department Doesn’t Want You to Know

Your Crawl Space Causes Problems

If you have a dirt crawlspace underneath your home, then chances are you are experiencing problems that need to be addressed.

For instance, your foundation may be experiencing bad smells, high humidity, puddles of water, broken concrete foundation, heaps and heaps of dirt, little to no access, little to no sunlight, little to no insulation, radon gases, water vapor, mold, insects, termites, pests, vermin, tree roots penetrating into the concrete footing, lack of earthquake retrofitting hardware, or any similar type of problem.

If you do not know whether or not your foundation is experiencing any problems, then the best recommendation is to Best crawl space encapsulation your home with a flashlight and look around or contact a foundation expert to do it for you, which is usually a free service, and as experts they can pinpoint almost every specific problem.

What it boils down to is that almost all crawl spaces have problems. Through a process known as the stack effect, air travels up from underneath the home and takes the crawl space air with it. Many Americans currently live with asthma problems and other breathing related problems due to the dirt foundations underneath their home and the mold spores as well as dust mites that travel with it.

 

A Looming Global Water Crisis?

A Looming Global Water Crisis?

In many respects water is integral to human life. There is virtually no realm of human endeavor that can be undertaken without water. Indeed seventy per cent of the human body is itself composed of water. Therefore indeed the future of water use can be said to be the future of humanity. There is however much speculation in this regard.   water scarcity    For not all regions are equally blessed with abundant water resources. Nor do all countries have equal resources to tap this resource that is so important to human life.

The immediate speculation regarding water is whether earth is headed towards flooding or to becoming one vast desert by 2100. If the most populous country, China, is any indicator; the earth may be headed towards desertification on an extensive scale.

The struggle to control this precious resource, sometimes described as ‘blue gold’ is also one of geo-politics involving struggle between large and small nations. It is also a struggle therefore between the strong and the weak. As some water experts such as T. Tvedt have pointed out, not only is there diversity in the spatial spread of water resources but also there is diversity in access to such resources within countries. We are having a scenario ranging from extreme abundance to extreme scarcity. For example while Canada on the one hand is water abundant we have extreme water scarcity in Africa and large parts of Asia. The United States itself is not well endowed in terms of water resources while Latin American countries such as Brazil are. In Africa, women have to walk long distances to collect water. Contrast this with Canada which alone accounts for about twenty per cent of global water resources.

The struggle to control water is never ending. While we have some regions of the world like the Netherlands, southern England or Venice constantly battling against water and the risk of submergence we have on the other hand lower riparian states like Egypt or Bangladesh or even India crucially dependent on water but by no means able to control access to it. This is because successful water use for nations is also about global cooperation. That may or may not materialize. What is undeniable is that the ‘blue gold’ or rather access to it has and is fueling conflict. This poses a danger both to relations between nations as well as to the survival of nations. Spain is a prime example where northern parts of the country are abundant in water resources while southern regions are water deficient. Often indeed seemingly intractable political conflicts are centered actually on access to water resources. Kashmir is a leading example.

 

Why Study Water?  

Why Study Water?  

In 2002 when we set up Strategic Foresight Group, the main objective was to provide forward looking analysis on social, economic, geopolitical futures. In the last year, we have added a heavy component of environment, especially water to our portfolio. This has raised some questions. Why does an organization that is focused on   water scarcity    geo-politics look at water related issues? How is the future of water going to change socio-economic factors? Is water scarcity going to lead to conflict over water? And ultimately how is water going to change the future of our world?

In our report on Global Security and Economy: Emerging Issues, SFG lists 20 issues that are going to change the future of the world. Water scarcity in emerging economies ranked rather high on the list. In fact it was ranked at number 5 out of 20. Emerging economies – particularly India, China, South Africa and Turkey- are expected to face shortage of fresh water in the next decade, undermining their food security, social stability and in some cases, raising the potential of regional conflict.

At an international conference organized by SFG in June 2008 on Responsibility to the Future: Business, Peace and Sustainability, a panel on food and water security discussed how these issues are addressed in diverse countries and recommendations included the need for continuous dialogue and compromise to deal with issues relating to water before they escalate into violent conflicts. The panel also recommended the need for information exchange on shared waters.

An earlier SFG report- The Final Settlement- looked at the relationship between India and Pakistan through three prisms of earth, fire and water. The report argues that any final settlement between the two countries will have to be based on a realistic analysis of the water situation in the Indus River Basin.

And yet earlier, SFG report- Rethinking India’s Future: Prosperity of the Periphery has identified land and water availability as one of the key drivers for the future development of India. The “breakdown” scenario includes mismanagement of water as one of its signposts, while the “breakthrough” scenario includes proper irrigation and good water management for agriculture as a fundamental milestone.

In many parts of the globe, water is perhaps the factor that is most going to impact geo-politics, society and development in the future. The scarcity of water in the Middle East has been recognized as a key issue in many of the peace negotiations over the last few decades. From the Oslo process onwards, water has been given a central role in talks.

International Alert has identified forty-six countries where water and climate stresses could ignite violent conflict by 2025. The World Wildlife Fund has identified the top 10 rivers of the world that are at great risk from pollution and ecological stress and can no longer be assured of reaching the sea. These include the Salween, La Plata, Danube, Rio Grande, Ganges, Murray-Darling, Indus, Nile, Yangtze and Mekong. The basins of all these rivers are home to millions of people, including 400 million who live in the basin of just the River Ganges. Interestingly, the international river basins of the world host about 40% of the world’s population.

Centre for Atmospheric Research in the USA has recently come out with a report that argues that some of the world’s major rivers are losing water because of climate change. The study looks at 925 rivers from 1948 to 2004, and found significant changes taking place in about a third of the world’s largest rivers. Rivers with decreased flow outnumbered those with increased flow by 2.5 to 1.